Category: Reproduction
Heat Cycles

NORMAL HEAT CYCLE

A “heat” refers to the time when a female dog becomes sexually responsive to a male dog in attempts to conceive a pregnancy. Most female dogs will demonstrate signs of their first heat sometime after she is 6 months old, with smaller dogs tending to start earlier than larger dogs.

Most dogs will have a heat cycle routinely every 6 to 8 months, with the heat lasting on average a total of 14 to 20 days. During this time frame it is normal to see a bloody vaginal discharge for the first 7 to 10 days. The female may not necessarily ovulate, or release the eggs, until this bleeding subsides. It is during this period when she will typically allow a male dog to breed her.

If successful, a pregnancy will last 60 to 63 days from the mating, although the time will vary depending on when the actual ovulations and fertility occurred.

MONITORING THE HEAT CYCLE

Occasionally, it is necessary to intervene in the natural mating process when natural breeding is unsuccessful. If it appears that the female has a problem conceiving, or if she refuses the male when all else appears normal, several avenues are available.

A series of hormonal blood tests can be done to determine when she is truly ready to ovulate and thus should accept a male. As the female nears ovulation, certain hormones will rise, indicating the timing for insemination.

Examining vaginal cytology is also a helpful tool to map out a cycle. The local cell morphology will mature as the dog nears ovulation.

Health

Nutrition

Nutrition

Nutrition is an important part of keeping your pet happy and healthy. Every pet has different requirements for activity, growth and play.

read more
Internal Parasites

Internal Parasites

Heartworm, roundworm, and tapeworm are serious and sometimes life-threatening parasites. Learn more about them, their prevention and treatment.

read more
Seizures

Seizures

What is Epilepsy? What Causes Seizures? How Are Seizures Diagnosed? What Can I Do At Home?

read more
Celebrating Seniors

Celebrating Seniors

Pets as young as 7 may be at an increased risk of developing age-related problems such as arthritis, diabetes, liver and kidney disease.

read more

Behaviour

Thunderstorms

Thunderstorms

Unfortunately, many dogs are fearful of thunderstorms. Learn more about what you can do to help.

read more
Barking

Barking

Barking is a natural habit of dogs in times of play and warning. However, excessive noise can certainly be problematic. What can be done?

read more
Chewing

Chewing

Chewing and mouthing a a natural part of a dog’s learning and socialization, but destructive chewing can be concerning and should not be ignored.

read more
Biting

Biting

What’s normal and healthy regarding biting? Where and how should we draw the line?

read more
Digging

Digging

Digging is common normal behaviour in dogs that can progress into a destructive habit.

read more
House Soiling

House Soiling

Inappropriate elimination is a common and often frustrating problem for owners of both cats and dogs. Why do they do this? How can we help?

read more
Separation Anxiety

Separation Anxiety

Due to the extreme social and structure pack nature of a dog, their ability to form very strong bonds with family members can sometimes lead to separation anxiety.

read more

New Pets

Crate Training

Crate Training

To your pet, a proper crate is similar to a natural den in the wild. Learn more about crate training and how to create a comfortable safe haven for your dog.

read more
Diet

Diet

Obesity is a serious, although often overlooked, problem with our indoor companions. A good diet helps maintain a healthy body weight and happy pet.

read more
Obedience

Obedience

Puppies start learning as soon as they are born. Obedience training is the core to developing a sound and healthy bond between you and your pet.

read more

Reproduction