Category: Cats | Dogs | Health | Parasites
External Parasites

FLEAS

Adult fleas on pets comprise approximately 5% of the flea population, leaving 95% as the immature stages that can live and develop in the environment of your home. Fleas are wingless insects with a flat, hard body and 3 pairs of legs. The 3rd pair of legs are longer, thus enabling it to jump great distances. Fleas survive on the blood meals obtained from biting our pets. Signs that your pet may be infected with fleas include :

  • itching and chewing
  • fleas visible in the coat
  • seeing the flea “dirt” on your pet’s skin

Pets become infected through exposure to fleas in the environment or other animals carrying adult fleas. The adult flea can lay up to 50 eggs a day! This means that an infestation can develop very quickly! Treatment of flea infestations are important not only for the comfort of your pet, but also because fleas can bite humans. Having fleas can also contribute to intestinal parasitism. When your pet grooms itself and accidentally ingests fleas, the flea can infect the pet with tapeworms. This parasite, when passed in the feces, has the appearance of grains of rice. These can also appear on the hair around the anus.

TICKS

Ticks carry many diseases and are usually found in wooded or marshy areas. When walking through these areas your pet brushes against the brush or grass, and the tick transfers onto your pet. The tick then burrows its head under the skin to take a blood meal. They are most likely found on areas of our pets that are hard to groom such as head, neck and legs and especially between the toes. Lyme Disease is the most concerning disease carried by ticks in this part of Ontario. Historically, the ticks carrying this disease were restricted to certain areas of the province, most notably Long Point, but it has become more widespread in recent years. There are several products are available for tick prevention. There is also a vaccine available that will aid in the prevention of this disease.

EAR MITES

These mites primarily live within the external canal of the ear of our pets. The ear mite causes inflammation and severe itching and redness in the ears. Commonly, large volumes of dark crusted debris is found in the ear canal if the mites are present. Diagnosis of these mites is done microscopically using a swab taken from the affected ear. These mites are highly contagious, and are transferred between pets through direct contact. They can live in our pets and their environment for long periods of time. Mites are often seen in kittens and puppies due to their close contact. There are several products are available to treat and prevent these mites.

Health

Nutrition

Nutrition

Nutrition is an important part of keeping your pet happy and healthy. Every pet has different requirements for activity, growth and play.

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Internal Parasites

Internal Parasites

Heartworm, roundworm, and tapeworm are serious and sometimes life-threatening parasites. Learn more about them, their prevention and treatment.

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Seizures

Seizures

What is Epilepsy? What Causes Seizures? How Are Seizures Diagnosed? What Can I Do At Home?

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Celebrating Seniors

Celebrating Seniors

Pets as young as 7 may be at an increased risk of developing age-related problems such as arthritis, diabetes, liver and kidney disease.

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Behaviour

Thunderstorms

Thunderstorms

Unfortunately, many dogs are fearful of thunderstorms. Learn more about what you can do to help.

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Barking

Barking

Barking is a natural habit of dogs in times of play and warning. However, excessive noise can certainly be problematic. What can be done?

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Chewing

Chewing

Chewing and mouthing a a natural part of a dog’s learning and socialization, but destructive chewing can be concerning and should not be ignored.

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Biting

Biting

What’s normal and healthy regarding biting? Where and how should we draw the line?

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Digging

Digging

Digging is common normal behaviour in dogs that can progress into a destructive habit.

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House Soiling

House Soiling

Inappropriate elimination is a common and often frustrating problem for owners of both cats and dogs. Why do they do this? How can we help?

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Separation Anxiety

Separation Anxiety

Due to the extreme social and structure pack nature of a dog, their ability to form very strong bonds with family members can sometimes lead to separation anxiety.

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New Pets

Crate Training

Crate Training

To your pet, a proper crate is similar to a natural den in the wild. Learn more about crate training and how to create a comfortable safe haven for your dog.

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Diet

Diet

Obesity is a serious, although often overlooked, problem with our indoor companions. A good diet helps maintain a healthy body weight and happy pet.

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Obedience

Obedience

Puppies start learning as soon as they are born. Obedience training is the core to developing a sound and healthy bond between you and your pet.

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Reproduction